Date of Award


Publication Type


Degree Name



English Language, Literature, and Creative Writing


N. Markotic


Cultural trauma, Culture, Hybridity, Third space theory, Intergenerational trauma



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


My MA thesis, Slova is a collection of poetry that follows the persona’s return to her birthplace—Riga, Latvia—in which she addresses and attempts to consolidate issues of intergenerational trauma and cultural identity, ultimately searching for narrative closure that the text resists. As she searches, she employs different forms of writing; she records her memories, she creates lists, and she translates poetry. In every approach, the persona continually employs repetition, which represents a desire to return to a place of wholeness as well as an inability to escape from her childhood. In particular, silences, acts of violence, and images of the body permeate her exploration.

The accompanying critical essay, “Third Space: At the Cusp of the Unknown,” informed by Homi K. Bhabha’s third space theory, argues in favour of the text as a site of identity construction in the context of cultural trauma as it pertains to the individual as well as the collective. While the text resists narrative construction, and the former “wholeness” is out of reach, engaging in the text’s third space nevertheless gives the persona a chance to touch the unknown, unintegrated identity.