Date of Award


Publication Type


Degree Name





Girls;Leadership;Physical Activity;Programming;Self-Esteem;Sport


Sarah Woodruff



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


This study evaluated a leadership-based physical activity program, Girls Organizing and Learning Sport (GOALS) by assessing changes in physical activity, health behaviours, perceived physical competence, self-esteem, and leadership among the participants. Of the 224 participants who enrolled in the GOALS program, 79 (35.2%) completed a pre- and post-program survey containing questions concerning demographics, general physical activity, physical competence, self-esteem, and leadership. The GOALS program held 2-hour weekly sessions over 4 weeks (a total of 8 hours) at nine different locations across Windsor-Essex County. Paired-sample t-tests, chi-squares, and one-way ANOVA tests were utilized to analyze differences before and after the GOALS program. Results revealed that more participants were involved in school sports, community sports, and regular physical activity post-program (all p’s < 0.05), however, the GOALS program did not elicit changes in health behaviours or total scores for physical competence, self-esteem, or leadership (all p’s > 0.05). Yet, statistically significant results were observed between physical competence difference scores and those that take care of their health by exercising (p = 0.025), leadership difference scores and those that take of their health by exercising (p = 0.044), self-esteem difference scores by program location (p = 0.001), and physical competence difference scores by ethnicity (p = 0.003). Overall, further research into design, administration, and targeted outcomes is recommended for future implementation.

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Kinesiology Commons