Date of Award


Publication Type


Degree Name



Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering


Industry 4.0;Industry 5.0;Manufacturing Execution System (MES);Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SME);Smart Factory


Waguih ElMaraghy



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


In today's manufacturing scene, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) face the challenge of adapting to rapidly evolving technologies to remain competitive. Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES) play a vital role in managing this transformation by systematically overseeing production processes. While Industry 4.0 has already established widely accepted automation techniques, Industry 5.0 presents further innovative advancements to enhance manufacturing. However, there is a scarcity of research on applying Industry 5.0. This thesis addresses this research gap by developing an Industry 5.0-based MES framework, specifically designed for SMEs. A systematic approach to implementing the framework is presented, starting with an analysis of common SME manufacturing techniques and a detailed examination of their production processes. The resulting framework is tailored for SMEs. The effectiveness of the proposed framework is demonstrated through a case study, showcasing the benefits of Industry 5.0 technologies. The results indicate that Industry 5.0 can improve SMEs' production processes while simultaneously cutting costs. This research contributes to the progression of Industry 5.0, providing SMEs with a guide for implementing MES frameworks that align with the latest industrial innovations.