Title

Role of temperature and enzyme induction in the biotransformation of polychlorinated biphenyls and bioformation of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2007

Publication Title

Environmental Science and Technology

Volume

41

Issue

11

First Page

3856

Last Page

3863

Abstract

Hydroxylated PCBs (OH-PCBs) are metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) that have recently been found in the plasma of Great Lakes fish. Studies have shown that the ability of laboratory-held rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to bioform OH-PCBs from dietary mixtures of PCB congeners is complex and may be attributed to factors such as temperature and/or enzyme induction. Past studies have also suggested that CYP1A- and 2B-like enzymes are the likely mechanism for forming OH-PCBs, but this has not been directly studied in a controlled setting. To address these issues, we exposed rainbow trout (∼80 g) to dietary concentrations of a mixture of three Aroclors (1248, 1254, and 1260), at three water temperatures (8, 12, and 16°C), as well as additional PCBs known to induce CYP1A- and CYP2B-like isoforms in mammals. PCB half-lives in trout were inversely related to water temperature, but biotransformation of PCBs was positively related to water temperature. Thirty-one OH-PCBs were observed in trout plasma after 30 days of dietary exposure to the Aroclor mixtures, although approximately 40% of the ΣOH-PCBs concentrations were OH-PCB for which no standards were available. Concentration of OH-PCBs in the trout plasma increased with increasing temperature and with the addition of CYP2B-like inducing congeners but not with the addition of CYP1A-inducing congeners to food. The results of this study provide the first in vivo evidence that rainbow trout are responsive to CYP2B-like induction by PCBs and that this enzyme system can influence PCB concentrations and OH-PCB formation in fish. © 2007 American Chemical Society.

DOI

10.1021/es062437y

ISSN

0013936X

PubMed ID

17612160

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