Toxicokinetics of three polychlorinated biphenyl technical mixtures in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Biotransformation, Hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls, Polychlorinated biphenyls, Water temperature
Accumulation and depuration parameters of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in fish have been reported only for a few congeners. As well, there is little information on the ability of fish to biotransform PCBs. To address these issues, juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to dietary concentrations of three Aroclor® mixtures (1248, 1254, 1260) in food for 30 d followed by an additional 160 d of nonspiked food at 8°C. Accumulation, depuration, and potential biotransformation of 92 PCB congeners were assessed. Half-lives (t1/2) of PCB congeners ranged from 79 to 182 d, assimilation efficiencies ranged from 40 to 50% and biomagnification factors (BMF) ranged from 2.9 to 6.9. No evidence of significant biotransformation of any PCB congeners was found. All 92 congeners fell on the same t1/2 to Kow relationship as 16 preselected PCB congeners previously shown to persist in fish and no hydroxylated PCB metabolites (OH-PCBs) were detected in the plasma after 30 d of exposure. These findings suggest that OH-PCBs observed in fetal fish may be accumulated from sources other than internal metabolism of the parent congeners, at least for juvenile fish at cool temperatures. Because t1/2s in this experiment were slower than t1/2s reported in other work, water temperature also may be an important factor in determining the t1/2s of all PCB congeners in fish.
Buckman, Andrea H.; Brown, Scott B.; Hoekstra, Paul F.; Solomon, Keith R.; and Fisk, Aaron T.. (2004). Toxicokinetics of three polychlorinated biphenyl technical mixtures in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 23 (7), 1725-1736.