Genomic comparison of Planktothrix agardhii isolates from a Lake Erie embayment
Planktothrix agardhii is a filamentous cyanobacterial species that dominates harmful algal blooms in Sandusky Bay, Lake Erie and other freshwater basins across the world. P. agardhii isolates were obtained from early (June) blooms via single filament isolation; eight have been characterized from 2016, and 12 additional isolates have been characterized from 2018 for a total of 20 new cultures. These novel isolates were processed for genomic sequencing, where reads were used to generate scaffolds and contigs which were annotated with DIAMOND BLAST hit, Pfam, and GO. Analyses include whole genome alignment to generate phylogenetic trees and comparison of genetic rearrangements between isolates. Nitrogen acquisition and metabolism was compared across isolates. Secondary metabolite production was genetically explored including microcystins, two types of aeruginosin clusters, anabaenopeptins, cyanopeptolins, microviridins, and prenylagaramides. Two common and 4 unique CRISPR-cas islands were analyzed for similar sequences across all isolates and against the known Planktothrix-specific cyanophage, PaV-LD. Overall, the uniqueness of each genome from Planktothrix blooms sampled from the same site and at similar times belies the unexplored diversity of this genus.
McKindles, Katelyn M.; Michael McKay, R.; and Bullerjahn, George S.. (2022). Genomic comparison of Planktothrix agardhii isolates from a Lake Erie embayment. PLoS ONE, 17 (8 August).