Iron deficiency in micro-sized diatoms in the Oyashio region of the Western subarctic Pacific during spring
Journal of Oceanography
Diatom, Fe stress, Ferredoxin, Flavodoxin, Oyashio, Spring bloom
In order to detect iron (Fe) stress in micro-sized (20-200 μm) diatoms in the Oyashio region, western subarctic Pacific during spring, immunological ferredoxin/flavodoxin assays were applied to samples collected from the surface layer in May 2005. Concomitantly, the community composition of the micro-sized phytoplankton and hydrographic conditions, including dissolved Fe and macronutrient concentrations, were also examined. Chlorophyll (Chl) a concentrations were <2 mg m-3 at all sampling stations, except at a station where the Chl a level was 9.0 mg m-3 and a micro-sized diatom bloom occurred. A high abundance of ferredoxin in micro-sized diatoms was detected only at a rather near-shore station where dissolved Fe and macronutrient concentrations were higher, indicating that the micro-sized diatoms did not suffer from iron deficiency. On the other hand, flavodoxin in micro-sized diatoms was often observed at the other stations, including the bloom station, where macronutrients were replete but dissolved Fe concentration was low (0.31 nM). A significant amount of chlorophyllide a, a degradation product of Chl a, was also observed at the bloom station, suggesting a decline of the diatom bloom. The micro-sized phytoplankton species at all the stations were mainly composed of the diatoms Thalassiosira, Chaetoceros, and Fragilariopsis spp. Our study indicates that micro-sized diatoms were stressed by Fe bioavailability during the spring season in the Oyashio region © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010.
Hattori-Saito, Ai; Nishioka, Jun; Ono, Tsuneo; McKay, R. Michael L.; and Suzuki, Koji. (2010). Iron deficiency in micro-sized diatoms in the Oyashio region of the Western subarctic Pacific during spring. Journal of Oceanography, 66 (1), 105-115.