The effect of food provisioning on persistent organic pollutant bioamplification in Chinook salmon larvae
Bioaccumulation, Persistent organic pollutants, Bioamplification, Biodilution, Toxicokinetics
Fall spawning pacific salmon provision large amounts of yolk to their eggs to allow survival of larvae during under the ice winter conditions. This yolk provisioning leads to maternal offloading of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) to eggs and larvae. Previous research has shown that Chinook salmon larvae exhibit limited capacity to eliminate POPs during the cold water period resulting in bioamplification of POP residues. This study compared POPs bioamplification in Chinook salmon larvae under a high food provisioning treatment and a non-fed treatment to test whether or not food availability attenuates POPs bioamplification via growth dilution. Results demonstrate that larvae in the food provisioning treatment did not gain weight until after day 129. Between hatching and day 129, fed and non-fed treatments exhibited similar decreases in whole body lipid content, negligible POPs elimination and POPs bioamplification factors approaching 1.6. By day 184 of the study, POPs bioamplification factors in the non-fed treatment were as high as 5.3 across chemicals but ranged from non-detectable to approaching 1 in the fed group. This study demonstrates that POPs bioamplification occurs in Chinook salmon larvae even under ideal rearing conditions but peaks after day 129, following which growth dilution can attenuate bioamplification relative to starved individuals. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Daley, Jennifer M.; Leadley, Todd A.; Pitcher, Trevor E.; and Drouillard, Ken G.. (2013). The effect of food provisioning on persistent organic pollutant bioamplification in Chinook salmon larvae. Chemosphere, 92 (1).