Author ORCID Identifier
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3329-6392 : Sara Scharoun Benson
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Qualitative, Social Skills, Motor Skills, Social and Physical Activities
Participation is key to childhood development and is essential for health and well-being; yet children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) participate less in social and physical activities compared to their typically developing peers and little is known about how social and motor challenges impact participation patterns. The current research garnered experiential insights of the quality and quantity of participation, through the lens of instructors (N = 9) working with a child or children with ASD. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted to capture a comprehensive and informative profile of how social and motor functioning of children with ASD influence involvement in social and physical activities. Thematic analysis revealed consistent viewpoints in four main areas: (1) Viewpoints extend beyond the World Health Organization definition of participation; (2) Participation depends on who is involved; (3) Although motivation, confidence, and competence in social/motor domains underlie participation, social challenges were perceived as the greatest barrier; (4) While acknowledging the benefits of participation, it is necessary to be cognizant of the required supports. Throughout these themes, the notion of heterogeneity was made very clear. Collectively, perspectives offer descriptive insight which may be useful when designing opportunities for participation in social and physical activities among children with ASD.
Salters, Danielle; Rios, P. Camila; and Scharoun Benson, Sara. (2022). Instructors’ perspectives of social and motor influences on participation in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 93 (3), 467-478.
Available for download on Tuesday, April 23, 2024