Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 2020


access without fear; sanctuary city; persons without status


This report is aimed at people working in, directing or otherwise administering services to persons without status. It summarises the barriers and challenges that frontline service workers reported when attempting to support persons without status as well as recommendations gleaned from interviews. While fundamental change to immigration policy would be required to fully respond to the needs of persons without status, the researchers took a “harm reduction” approach, focusing on what agencies and policy makers might do to improve services without a restrictive legal paradigm. In sum, we found strong support from frontline service workers for an AWF policy. While typically an AWF policy is implemented at a city level, it is possible for agencies to implement their own internal policies. AWF policies vary widely from community-to-community. Ultimately a "made in Windsor” approach should be crafted to meet the community’s current and ongoing needs.