Major Papers


Enugu Rangers, Soccer, Igbo, Nigeria, National Integration, Nigeria-Biafra war


Between 1970 and 1990, Rangers FC grappled with the difficult task of facilitating Igbo

reintegration into Nigeria’s social milieu. This was a postwar necessity owing to the

dislocation of the Nigeria-Biafra War, which was fought between July 6, 1967 to January 15,

1970, by the secessionist Igbo cultural group under the umbrella of the Republic of Biafra.

However, where the insincere postwar Federal reintegration efforts failed, Rangers

succeeded. This study focuses on examining the role of soccer as a reintegrating agent in a

pluralistic postwar society like Nigeria. It argues that Rangers played an essential role in

postwar Igbo psychological victories and healing experience, identity formation and dignified

existence in Nigeria. Challenging existing scholarly arguments, it insists that Rangers being,

at a time, an Igbo-dominated club does not make it an Igbo club. It highlights the changes in

the club and it also attests to the migratory inclinations of the Igbo. It concludes that later,

Rangers became less about celebrating a specific Igbo identity, but over time, they reflected a

growing integration of Igbo people into the broader Nigerian society.

Primary Advisor

Dr M. Wright

Program Reader

Dr G. Teasdale

Degree Name

Master of Arts



Document Type

Major Research Paper

Convocation Year