THE HIDDEN HAUNTINGS OF THE OPIOID & OVERDOSE CRISIS: A POLICY REVIEW OF HARM REDUCTION AND SAFE INJECTION SITES IN VANCOUVER, OTTAWA, TORONTO, LONDON, AND WINDSOR.
Overdose, Death, Crisis
The drug and opioid overdose crisis have led to the death of hundreds of thousands of people. As such, harm reduction and safe injection sites have been making their appearances throughout Canada, specifically within British Columbia and Ontario. The policies held in Vancouver, Ottawa, Toronto, London, and Windsor raise many questions, all looking to see if their implementations are working. This policy review seeks to determine if harm reduction policy and safe injection sites are working to not only save lives, but to reduce the overall number of increasing overdose deaths. Through this review, it is concluded that harm reduction and safe injection site policy implementation is effective in saving lives through onsite overdose reversal procedures, but it is not effective in reducing the number of opioid and overdose deaths that occur and continue to grow each year.
Dr. Lydia Miljan
Dr. James (Jim) Wittebols
Master of Arts