Major Papers


Overdose, Death, Crisis


The drug and opioid overdose crisis have led to the death of hundreds of thousands of people. As such, harm reduction and safe injection sites have been making their appearances throughout Canada, specifically within British Columbia and Ontario. The policies held in Vancouver, Ottawa, Toronto, London, and Windsor raise many questions, all looking to see if their implementations are working. This policy review seeks to determine if harm reduction policy and safe injection sites are working to not only save lives, but to reduce the overall number of increasing overdose deaths. Through this review, it is concluded that harm reduction and safe injection site policy implementation is effective in saving lives through onsite overdose reversal procedures, but it is not effective in reducing the number of opioid and overdose deaths that occur and continue to grow each year.

Primary Advisor

Dr. Lydia Miljan

Program Reader

Dr. James (Jim) Wittebols

Degree Name

Master of Arts


Political Science

Document Type

Internship Paper

Convocation Year