THE EFFECTIVENESS OF BODY CAMERAS IN REDUCTION OF POLICE BRUTALITY/MISCONDUCT AGAINST AFRICAN AMERICANS
Police Brutality, Body Worn Cameras, African Americans, Implicit bias
Police brutality against Black people remains a critical subject matter among scholars in the international society. However, because of the broad nature of the subject of police brutality, this study focused on the United States which is rated as one of the countries with the highest police violence cases in the world. With the rising number of Black-led protests against this menace, the US government, in response, provided the solution of body cameras to mitigate the rise of police violence against ordinary citizens. However, as this study indicates, this solution is limited in its effectiveness.
This study sought to perform a qualitative study on the viability of the solution of body cameras. It provides a historical background of how the formation of the police force in the US was on the legacy of the slavery of Black people and how this has influenced the police relations with Black people. This has contributed significantly to the implicit bias the police force holds against Black people. However, while the study notes that body cameras are not the panacea that will fix the issue of police violence, it still acknowledges the importance of the presence of these cameras. However, stricter policies on the use of body cameras need to be implemented to ensure that these tools are being used in the right manner. More importantly, the study recommends the implementation of implicit association tests (IATs) as part of the psychological section of the recruitment process of new police officers. Regular implicit bias trainings for police officers are also recommended to help officers re-evaluate their biases and ensure that they are policing the right way which will go a long way in mitigating unnecessary killings.
Master of Arts
Major Research Paper