Major Papers


reconciliation, policy analysis, political will


Although there has been an increased focus on the importance of the Canada federal government’s use of policy to achieve reconciliation, studies show that they failed to produce meaningful change for the Indigenous population. This exploratory paper aims to analyze the Canadian governments use of policy and its framework to evaluate its efficacy and uncover what factors have potentially caused past policies to fail. A detailed examination on past and current statistics on key indicators for the Indigenous population is used to define the problem. A detailed policy analysis is then utilized to evaluate the efficacy of the policy, identify potential flaws within the framework, and provide potential solutions. The results from the policy analysis argue that the main variables that currently function as an obstacle to achieving reconciliation are a lack of political will, the absence of Indigenous methodologies, and a lack of transparency. It is suggested that to improve the outcomes of these policies and achieve reconciliation; the Canadian government must prioritize the Indigenous population and work to integrate their methodologies within the Western Framework and develop transparent plans.

Primary Advisor

Dr. Rebecca Major

Program Reader

Dr. Lydia Miljan

Degree Name

Master of Arts


Political Science

Document Type

Major Research Paper

Convocation Year