Major Papers


CORSIA, Offsetting, Aviation, Emission, Climate Change, ICAO


Air transportation is a particularly contentious issue in climate disputes. This concern is because they emit emissions like those produced by the combustion of fossil fuels. Consequently, the aviation industry is recognized as one of the top ten emitters in the world, with emissions expected to soar. As the emissions from the industry begin to rise, the increase raises serious environmental concerns about its global impact and influence on people on the ground. When non-CO2 effects are excluded, aviation emissions began to account for 2.1% of global emissions, leading the aviation industry, national governments, civil society, and international organizations to collaborate to reduce emissions drastically. Accordingly, this led to the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which serves as a global platform for devising laws and standards for the industry, including a comprehensive set of measures to manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to reach the 2050 carbon-neutral goal.

The ICAO aims to eliminate all GHG emissions using sustainable alternative fuels, advanced technology, and the world's first market-based mechanism to mitigate aviation emissions. It adopted the International Aviation Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme (CORSIA) in 2016. While this market-based approach to reducing international aviation's runway emissions is viewed as a step in the right direction, more is needed to achieve the sector's required level of profound decarbonization. (CORISA). This study describes the connection between aviation and climate change. It analyses the efficacy of the policy implemented and the environmental benefits of CORSIA in addressing climate change challenges in the aviation industry and the scheme's potential to have a more significant impact and provide long-term solutions. According to the study's findings, adding a required option for binding enforcement will aid in expanding the scope of CORSIA.

Primary Advisor

Dr. Geoffrey Callaghan

Program Reader

Dr. Lydia Miljan

Degree Name

Master of Arts


Political Science

Document Type

Major Research Paper

Convocation Year