Self-perceived hand hygiene practices among undergraduate nursing students
Journal of Research in Nursing
compliance, hand hygiene, nursing instructor, nursing students
Abstract Limited research has investigated the hand hygiene practices of undergraduate nursing students. A descriptive self-report survey explored the predictors of self-perceived hand hygiene compliance using a convenience sample of 306 undergraduate nursing students enrolled at a southwestern Ontario university. Compliance was defined as the performance of hand hygiene at least 90% of the time in the moments both before and after direct patient contact. The self-reported compliance rate among study participants was 74.8%. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the independent predictors of hand hygiene compliance included concern about reprimand or discipline (odds ratio (OR) 4.324; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.465–12.758); motivation to protect patients from infection (OR 2.418; 95% CI 1.001–5.838); number of clinical placements (OR 0.815; 95% CI 0.702–0.947) and role modelling by the clinical instructor (OR 2.227; 95% CI 1.009–4.915). Other independent predictors were the perceived barriers of busyness (OR 0.231; 95% CI 0.126–0.423), forgetfulness (OR 0.356; 95% CI 0.186–0.678) and perceptions of alcohol rub-related skin damage (OR 0.163; 95% CI 0.070–0.380). The findings of this study provide research-based evidence that could be used by educators to understand better hand hygiene practices among undergraduate nursing students. © 2015, © The Author(s) 2015.
Foote, A. and El-Masri, M. (2016). Self-perceived hand hygiene practices among undergraduate nursing students. Journal of Research in Nursing, 21 (1), 8-19.