Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8700-3885 : Christoph Lumer

Location

Room 2

Document Type

Paper

Keywords

descriptive-nomological theory, idealizing hermeneutics, methodological intuitionism, methodological naturalism, ontic-practical theory, philosophical arguments, philosophical theories, practical arguments, technical-constructive theory, theses in philosophical theories

Start Date

3-6-2020 11:00 AM

End Date

3-6-2020 12:00 PM

Abstract

In the main part of the article, a new, idealizing-hermeneutic methodological approach to developing a theory of philosophical arguments is presented and carried out. The basis for this is a theory of ideal philosophical theory types developed from the analysis of historical examples (Lumer 2011b; 2020). According to this theory, the following ideal types of theory exist in philosophy: 1. descriptive-nomological, 2. idealizing-hermeneutic, 3. technical-constructive, 4. ontic-practical. These types of theories are characterized in particular by what their basic types of theses are. The main task of this article is then to determine the types of arguments that are suitable for justifying these types of theses. Surprisingly, practical arguments play a key role here.

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Jun 3rd, 11:00 AM Jun 3rd, 12:00 PM

A Theory of Philosophical Arguments

Room 2

In the main part of the article, a new, idealizing-hermeneutic methodological approach to developing a theory of philosophical arguments is presented and carried out. The basis for this is a theory of ideal philosophical theory types developed from the analysis of historical examples (Lumer 2011b; 2020). According to this theory, the following ideal types of theory exist in philosophy: 1. descriptive-nomological, 2. idealizing-hermeneutic, 3. technical-constructive, 4. ontic-practical. These types of theories are characterized in particular by what their basic types of theses are. The main task of this article is then to determine the types of arguments that are suitable for justifying these types of theses. Surprisingly, practical arguments play a key role here.