Applied Physics Letters
Three strains of Escherichia coli, one strain of environmental mold, and one strain of Candida albicans yeast have been analyzed by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy using nanosecond laser pulses. All microorganisms were analyzed while still alive and with no sample preparation. Nineteen atomic and ionic emission lines have been identified in the spectrum, which is dominated by calcium, magnesium, and sodium. A discriminant function analysis has been used to discriminate between the biotypes and E. coli strains. This analysis showed efficient discrimination between laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy spectra from different strains of a single bacteria species.
Diedrich, J.; Rehse, Steven J.; and Palchaudhuri, S.. (2007). Escherichia coli identification and strain discrimination using nanosecond laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Applied Physics Letters, 90 (16).