Extractive Industries and Society
Economic empowerment, Gender, Local content, Natural gas, Tanzania
Gender is an overlooked area when it comes to local content. Few, if any, local content laws and regulations for the extractive industries globally contain any specific provisions related to gender equity or female empowerment. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, shortening and simplifying supply chains has become an imperative for multinational firms. Formal employment in oil extraction is traditionally male-dominated. In Tanzania, employment in this sector is estimated to be over 80 percent male. However, the negative impacts of the industry, especially in terms of social disruption and dislocation, environmental degradation, and loss of livelihood, are more likely to be felt by women. This paper explores gender dimensions of local participation in the extractive industries, economic empowerment, and provisions mandating and setting targets for women's participation in Tanzania's emerging gas industry. It is argued that the government must pursue a holistic approach to gender equality in legislation, regulation, policy, education and training in order to maximize the benefit from extractive industries and petro-development.
Ovadia, Jesse Salah. (2022). Addressing gender inequality through employment and procurement: Local content in Tanzania's emerging gas industry. Extractive Industries and Society, 9.