Measurement and Evaluation in Counselling and Development
The Cross-Cultural Coping Scale, a scenario-based instrument, was developed in 3 studies. Exploratory factor analyses with Chinese Canadian adolescents (N = 506) showed a 3-factor structure: Collective, Avoidance, and Engagement Coping. The model was reproduced very well in a confirmatory factor analysis. Participant acculturation, self-construals, and religious affiliations were related to coping dimensions.
Kuo, B.C.H and Roysircar, Gargi. (2006). Development of the Cross-Cultural Coping Scale: Collective, Avoidance, and Engagement strategies. Measurement and Evaluation in Counselling and Development, 39, 161-181.