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Contribution to Book

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Handbook of Arab American Psychology

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acculturation, enculturation, ethnic identity, arab americans


This chapter begins with a brief review of various approaches to the study of ethnic identity, because they form the foundation for the research studies on the acculturation and enculturation processes of Arab Americans. In particular, the seminal works of John W. Berry, Jean Phinney, and their colleagues (e.g. Berry, Phinney, Sam, & Vedder, 2006 ) are discussed in light of research on the acculturation of Arab Americans to the U.S. Acculturation involves the variety of diff erent ways that a person can adapt to a culture that is diff erent from that of their family’s culture(s) of origin. Enculturation, on the other hand, involves learning about one’s culture of origin.


This is an accepted manuscript version of a chapter was first published in the Handbook of Arab American Psychology, Edited by Mona M. Amer, Germine H. Awad. Copyright Routledge2016. It is available in its final form here: