Personality and Individual Differences
Academic Achievement, Cognition, Ethnicity, Evolutionary psychology, Meta-analysis, Race, Review, Social organization
Rushton (Personality and Individual Differences, 9, 1009–1024, 1988) hypothesized that racial group differences exist across a range of behaviors from intelligence to social organization. Such differences were then discussed within the context of an evolutionary continuum (Negroid < Caucasoid < Mongoloid). For example, his observations that blacks compared to whites are less intelligent, physically mature more rapidly, and are more aggressive and impulsive (less law abiding) were said to support the evolutionary hypothesis. Quantitative replication of the 100 studies included in Rushton's original ‘review and evolutionary analysis’ and a meta-analysis of 100 randomly selected studies infer that any behavioral differences which do exist between blacks, whites and Asian Americans for example, can be explained in toto by environmental differences which exist between them.
Gorey, Kevin M. and Cryns, Arthur G.. (1995). Lack of racial differences in behavior: A quantitative replication of Rushton's (1988) review and an independent meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 19 (3), 345-353.