Title

Immigrant Woman at Risk for Post-Partum Depression: Integrative Review

Standing

Graduate (Masters)

Type of Proposal

Oral Research Presentation

Faculty

Faculty of Nursing

Faculty Sponsor

Dr. Kate Kemplin

Abstract/Description of Original Work

Immigrant Woman at Risk for Post-Partum Depression: Integrative Review

March 14, 2022

Brooke Ashton, University of Windsor

Melissa Gjetaj, University of Windsor

Amie Hawkins, University of Windsor

Sabreena Mirza, University of Windsor

Chanthorn Sok, University of Windsor

Background and Introduction

Understanding the risk for immigrant mothers developing postpartum depression (PPD) is essential for implementing early intervention. An integrative review (IR) helps to identify methodological gaps and limitations which guide our practice. The purpose of this IR is to collect, analyze and integrate the literature focused on immigrant mothers ages 20-35 years of age in relation to PPD. Quantitative statistics is reviewed that reflect the interventions, study design and interpretation of the use of screening tools to effectively capture risk factors for perinatal depression in marginalized populations (Daoud. et al., 2019).

Methods

An IR conducted by 5 group members, identified and evaluated peer-reviewed research studies exploring risks for immigrant mothers developing PPD. A systematic analytic method of date reduction was used to identify alignment and divergence of the data, gaps in the literature, and limitations.

Results

This IR is being conducted on an ongoing basis. Twenty published research journals from 2006-2020 have been analyzed thus far. Questionnaires and scales are used to determine the level of risk of PPD. Most often used is the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. The preliminary results indicate that early detection of symptomology of PPD creates an environment of support and better health outcomes.

Conclusion

As a result of this review, we hope to utilize screening tools to aid in the early identification of at-risk immigrant women and provide culturally sensitive interventions and follow-up (Dharma. et al., 2019).

Keywords

Immigrant; PPD; intervention; nursing; immigrant women; postpartum depression; screening for postpartum depression; perinatal depression; ethnicity; Canada; intervention; nurse; environment

References

Dharma, C., Lefebvre, D. L., Lu, Z., Lou, W. Y. W., Becker, A. B., Mandhane, P. J., Turvey, S. E., Moraes, T. J., Azad, M. B., Chen, E., Elliott, S. J., Kozyrskyj, A. L., Sears, M. R., & Subbarao, P. (2019). Risk for Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Perceived Stress by Ethnicities in Canada: From Pregnancy Through the Preschool Years: Risque de symptômes dépressifs maternels et stress perçu par les ethnies au Canada : de la grossesse aux années préscolaires. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 64(3), 190–198. https://doi-org.ledproxy2.uwindsor.ca/10.1177/0706743718792190

Daoud, N., O’Brien, K., O’Campo, P., Harney, S., Harney, E., Bebee, K., Bourgeois, C., & Smylie, J. (2019). Postpartum depression prevalence and risk factors among Indigenous, non-Indigenous and immigrant women in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 110(4), 440–452. https://doi. org.ledproxy2.uwindsor.ca/10.17269/s41997-019-00182-8

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Immigrant Woman at Risk for Post-Partum Depression: Integrative Review

Immigrant Woman at Risk for Post-Partum Depression: Integrative Review

March 14, 2022

Brooke Ashton, University of Windsor

Melissa Gjetaj, University of Windsor

Amie Hawkins, University of Windsor

Sabreena Mirza, University of Windsor

Chanthorn Sok, University of Windsor

Background and Introduction

Understanding the risk for immigrant mothers developing postpartum depression (PPD) is essential for implementing early intervention. An integrative review (IR) helps to identify methodological gaps and limitations which guide our practice. The purpose of this IR is to collect, analyze and integrate the literature focused on immigrant mothers ages 20-35 years of age in relation to PPD. Quantitative statistics is reviewed that reflect the interventions, study design and interpretation of the use of screening tools to effectively capture risk factors for perinatal depression in marginalized populations (Daoud. et al., 2019).

Methods

An IR conducted by 5 group members, identified and evaluated peer-reviewed research studies exploring risks for immigrant mothers developing PPD. A systematic analytic method of date reduction was used to identify alignment and divergence of the data, gaps in the literature, and limitations.

Results

This IR is being conducted on an ongoing basis. Twenty published research journals from 2006-2020 have been analyzed thus far. Questionnaires and scales are used to determine the level of risk of PPD. Most often used is the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. The preliminary results indicate that early detection of symptomology of PPD creates an environment of support and better health outcomes.

Conclusion

As a result of this review, we hope to utilize screening tools to aid in the early identification of at-risk immigrant women and provide culturally sensitive interventions and follow-up (Dharma. et al., 2019).

Keywords

Immigrant; PPD; intervention; nursing; immigrant women; postpartum depression; screening for postpartum depression; perinatal depression; ethnicity; Canada; intervention; nurse; environment

References

Dharma, C., Lefebvre, D. L., Lu, Z., Lou, W. Y. W., Becker, A. B., Mandhane, P. J., Turvey, S. E., Moraes, T. J., Azad, M. B., Chen, E., Elliott, S. J., Kozyrskyj, A. L., Sears, M. R., & Subbarao, P. (2019). Risk for Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Perceived Stress by Ethnicities in Canada: From Pregnancy Through the Preschool Years: Risque de symptômes dépressifs maternels et stress perçu par les ethnies au Canada : de la grossesse aux années préscolaires. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 64(3), 190–198. https://doi-org.ledproxy2.uwindsor.ca/10.1177/0706743718792190

Daoud, N., O’Brien, K., O’Campo, P., Harney, S., Harney, E., Bebee, K., Bourgeois, C., & Smylie, J. (2019). Postpartum depression prevalence and risk factors among Indigenous, non-Indigenous and immigrant women in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 110(4), 440–452. https://doi. org.ledproxy2.uwindsor.ca/10.17269/s41997-019-00182-8