Title

Synaptic transmission mediated by ionotropic glutamate, glycine and GABA receptors in the rat's ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Publication Title

Hearing Research

Volume

203

Issue

2

First Page

159

Last Page

171

DOI

10.1016/j.heares.2004.11.021

Abstract

The synaptic pharmacology of the ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus (VNLL) was investigated in brain slices obtained from rats of 14-37 days old using intracellular recording techniques. Excitatory and inhibitory synaptic potentials (EPSPs and IPSPs) were elicited by electrical stimulation of the lemniscal pathway and recorded from neurons with five types of intrinsic firing patterns (onset, pause, adapting, regular and bursting types). Synaptic receptors that mediated the EPSPs and IPSPs were identified using AMPA, NMDA, GABAA and glycine receptor antagonists. The early/short EPSPs were mediated by AMPA receptors. The late/long EPSPs, encountered only in neurons of younger animals, were mediated by NMDA receptors. The IPSPs in most neurons were mediated by glycine receptors. In some neurons the IPSPs were mediated by GABAA receptors or both glycine and GABAA receptors. The temporal dynamics of fast AMPA EPSPs and glycinergic IPSPs were very similar. AMPA EPSPs and glycinergic (and/or GABAergic) IPSPs could be encountered in a single neuron. The results suggest that the VNLL not only relays incoming signals rapidly from the lower brainstem to the inferior colliculus, but also integrates excitatory and inhibitory inputs to modify and process auditory information. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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