Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Moriarty, Dick,





Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


This study was designed to explore the degree of use of anabolic steroids by high school students in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Athletes and nonathletes have reported steroid use, with athletes reporting significantly more use than nonathletes (Anderson, Albect, McKeag, Hough, and McGrew, 1991; Terney and McLain, 1990; and Windsor and Demetru, 1989). Students have been reported to use steroids to improve their athletic performances and appearance (Terney and McLain, 1990; Chung and Moore, 1990; Krowchuk, Anglin, Goodfellow, Stancin, Williams, and Zimel, 1989; Addition Research Foundation, 1989-91) while ignoring the negative side effects associated with steroid use (Struass, 1987; and White, Richardson, Grosshans, Perkins, and Murdock, 1987). The use of steroids by high school students still continues (McFarland, 1991, Terney and McLain, 1990) and there is a need to educate students concerning the drastic side effects of steroid use. (McFarland, 1991 and White et al., 1987). The ratio of potential-actual steroid use between males and females was almost 2 to 1. Also, male athletes reported significantly more potential-actual steroid use than any other group of students. Students reported potential-actual use of steroids for both improving their appearance and sports performance enhancement, although the appearance motive was reported more frequently. Multivariate analyses were used to identify specific correlates of steroid use among the high school students. Results are discussed in terms of health ramifications for the users. Recommendations are made for the early identification of 'at risk' students and possible ways of preventing abuse of anabolic steroids in high schools. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 32-02, page: 0482. Adviser: Dick Moriarty. Thesis (M.H.K.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1993.