Predictors of Nonurgent Emergency Visits at a Midsize Community-Based Hospital System: Secondary Analysis of Administrative Health Care Data
Journal of Emergency Nursing
Emergency department, Nonurgent visits, Predictors, Primary care, Proximity to the emergency department
Introduction: Nonurgent visits to the emergency department compromise efficiency in treating patients with urgent conditions and inversely influence the satisfaction of patients and staff. There is inconclusive evidence of the factors associated with nonurgent ED visits. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the independent factors associated with nonurgent ED visits in a midsize community-based Canadian hospital system. Methods: This was a retrospective, secondary analysis of data from 2 community hospitals in southwestern Ontario, Canada. We included ED patients in the analysis if they were local residents from the city or the surrounding county. Results: Nonurgent visits constituted approximately 27% of all ED visits and were more likely to be associated with patients with a primary care provider referral (odds ratio = 2.87; 95% confidence interval, 2.75-2.99) and with patients who had no primary care provider (odds ratio = 1.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.16). Other predictors included younger age, season, time of day, ED arrival mode, geographical proximity of residence to the emergency department, and case presentation. Discussion: The findings of this study may assist health care providers and stakeholders in developing strategies to minimize nonurgent ED visits.
El-Masri, Maher; Bornais, Judy; Omar, Abeer; and Crawley, Jamie. (2020). Predictors of Nonurgent Emergency Visits at a Midsize Community-Based Hospital System: Secondary Analysis of Administrative Health Care Data. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 46 (4), 478-487.