Author ORCID Identifier

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7173-7964 : Frank Zenker

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1834-7419 : Shiyang Yu

Location

Room 2

Document Type

Paper

Keywords

argument from expert opinion, authority, argument schemes

Start Date

5-6-2020 9:00 AM

End Date

5-6-2020 10:00 AM

Abstract

The argument from expert opinion counts as a sub-type of the argument from authority, because argument tokens ground their claims in a source of authority. The literature on argument schemes already acknowledges epistemic and deontic authority arguments as grounding in knowledge and power, respectively. Some scholars also treat dignity as a third source of authority. This paper offers a yet more fine-grained typology of authority arguments. Insights gleaned from Aristotle, Cicero, Boethius, and Locke suggest that attractiveness and majority (but not dignity) serve as additional sources of authority. Crossing these four sources with the speech act types assertive and directive yields eight authority-argument types, and as many sub-schemes.

Included in

Philosophy Commons

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Jun 5th, 9:00 AM Jun 5th, 10:00 AM

A new typology for arguments from authority

Room 2

The argument from expert opinion counts as a sub-type of the argument from authority, because argument tokens ground their claims in a source of authority. The literature on argument schemes already acknowledges epistemic and deontic authority arguments as grounding in knowledge and power, respectively. Some scholars also treat dignity as a third source of authority. This paper offers a yet more fine-grained typology of authority arguments. Insights gleaned from Aristotle, Cicero, Boethius, and Locke suggest that attractiveness and majority (but not dignity) serve as additional sources of authority. Crossing these four sources with the speech act types assertive and directive yields eight authority-argument types, and as many sub-schemes.