Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, Bacteria, Filter
An inexpensive filtration device was designed and constructed to rapidly concentrate bacteria in a liquid suspension on the surface of a disposable filter medium while at the same time separating the bacterial cells from larger contaminants in the suspension on the basis of their size. The device consists of a two-stage insert that is held rigidly in a standard tube during bacterial suspension centrifugation. The filters can be easily removed from the insert for subsequent testing with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy in a process that takes only three minutes. Filter media of 0.45 micron pore size was found to capture approximately 90-95% of the cells in suspension. A limit of detection of 90,000 cells per laser shot was calculated by constructing a calibration curve from multiple suspensions of varying concentration. Deposition of the bacterial lawn across the surface of the 9.5 mm diameter filters was found to be uniform to within +/- 20% of the mean as determined by the total measured optical breakdown emission. Use of 5 micron pore size filter media in the first stage of the insert was found to remove close to 100% of a 12 micron grain size tungsten contamination from the suspension while removing 10% of the bacterial cells. This mounting protocol provides a very convenient method for sample preparation that makes use of common techniques, apparatus, and procedures that would be familiar to clinicians or microbiological pathology laboratory personnel.
Malenfanta, Dylan J.; Paulick, Alexandra E.; and Rehse, Steven J.. (2019). A Simple and Efficient Centrifugation Filtration Method for Bacterial Concentration and Isolation Prior to Testing Liquid Specimens with Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 158.