The Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research (GLIER) is multidisciplinary with faculty and collaborators from many disciplines, including biology, geology, chemistry, engineering, marine biology, molecular biology, genetics and ecology.

Researchers at GLIER address complex environmental problems that cross conventional disciplinary boundaries such as the effects of multiple environmental stressors on large lakes, their watersheds and marine environments.

GLIER's multidisciplinary focus on research and graduate training has faculty and graduate students conducting research both locally within the Great Lakes Basin and around the world.

The institute has extensively equipped laboratories, core facilities, and dedicated research vessels.

GLIER researchers hold NSERC Canada Research Chairs in Great Lakes Research, Trophic Ecology, and Environmental Genomics, as well as a Department of Fisheries and Oceans Research Chair in Invasion Biology.

The Scientific Director of the Canadian Aquatic Invasive Species Network (CAISN) is a faculty member at GLIER.

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Submissions from 2017

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Bioaccumulation of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Atlantic Sea Bream (Archosargus rhomboidalis) from Kingston Harbour, Jamaica, Ann-Teneil O'Connor, Dwight Robinson, Tara P. Dasgupta, Aaron T. Fisk, and Ken G. Drouillard

Submissions from 2016

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Quantitative biomonitoring in the Detroit River using Elliptio complanata: Verification of steady state correction factors and temporal trends of PCBs in water between 1998-2015, Ken G. Drouillard, Mark Cook, Todd A. Leadley, Paul Drca, Ted Briggs, and G Douglas Haffner

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Is it appropriate to composite fish samples for mercury trend monitoring and consumption advisories?, Ken G. Drouillard, Nilima Gandhi, Satyendra P. Bhavsar, Sarah B. Gewurtz, George B. Arhonditsis, and Steve Petro

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Determination of the gut retention of plastic microbeads and microfibers in goldfish 1 (Carassius auratus), Stefan Grigorakis, Sherri A. Mason, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Role of genomics and transcriptomics in selection of reintroduction source populations, Xiaoping He, Mattias L. Johansson, and Daniel D. Heath

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fullfact: an R package for the analysis of genetic and maternal variance components from full factorial mating designs, S. Houde and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Red and white Chinook salmon: genetic divergence and mate choice, Sarah J. Lehnert, Trevor E. Pitcher, Robert H. Devlin, and Daniel D. Heath

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Assessment of hazard metrics for predicting field benthic invertebrate toxicity in the Detroit River, Ontario, Canada, Kerry N. Mcphedren, Alice Grigicak-Mannnion, Gord Paterson, Briggs Tedd, Jan J.H. Ciborowski, G. Douglass Haffner, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Long term impact of stressing agents on fermentative hydrogen production: Effect on the hydrogenase flux and population diversity, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, Jerald A. Lalman, Subba Rao Chaganti, Daniel D. Heath, Peter C. K. Lau, and Wudneh A. Shewa

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DETERMINATION OF PCB ELIMINATION COEFFICIENTS IN ROUND GOBY AND TUBENOSE GOBY, Xin Sun, Tim B. Johnson, and Ken G. Drouillard

Submissions from 2015

Differences in diel cortisol rhythms in outbred stocks of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), P. M. Capelle, C. A. D. Semeniuk, Daniel D. Heath, J. W. Heath, and O. P. Love

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Benefits of Turbid River Plume Habitat for Lake Erie Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens) Recruitment Determined by Juvenile to Larval Genotype Assignment, Lucia B. Carreon-Martinez, Ryan P. Walter, Timothy B. Johnson, Stuart A. Ludsin, and Daniel D. Heath

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Accumulation of PBDEs in an urban river otter population and an unusual finding of BDE-209, Nelson C, Ken G. Drouillard, K Cheng, J Elliott, and N Ismail

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The Changing face of BECT: A citation analysis covering 1966-2009, Ken G. Drouillard and E R. Bennett

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PBDEs and legacy POPs in urban birds of prey partly explained by trophic level and carbon source, J E. Elliott, J Brogan, S Lee, Ken G. Drouillard, and K H. Elliott

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Particle Backtracking Improves Breeding Subpopulation Discrimination and Natal-Source Identification in Mixed Populations, Michael E. Fraker, Eric J. Anderson, Reed M. Brodnik, Lucia Carreon-Martinez, Kristen M. DeVanna, Brian J. Fryer, Daniel D. Heath, and Julie M. Reichert

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Hierarchical analysis of genetic structure in the habitat-specialist Eastern Sand Darter (Ammocrypta pellucida), Robert Ginson, Ryan P. Walter, Nicholas E. Mandrak, Courtney L. Beneteau, and Daniel D. Heath

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Genetic structure and diversity of spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) at its northern range edge: implications for conservation, William R. Glass, Ryan P. Walter, Daniel D. Heath, Nicholas E. Mandrak, and Lynda D. Corkum

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Transcriptional profiling of two Atlantic salmon strains: implications for reintroduction into Lake Ontario, Xiaoping He, Chris C. Wilson, Kyle W. Wellband, Aimee Lee S. Houde, Bryan D. Neff, and Daniel D. Heath

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Genetic and maternal effects on juvenile survival and fitness-related traits in three populations of Atlantic salmon, Aimee Lee Houde; Craig A. Black; Chris C. Wilson; Trevor E. Pitcher; and Neff, Bryan D. Neff,

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The effects of inbreeding on sperm quality traits in captive-bred lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush (Walbaum, 1972), K. Johnson, Ian A.E. Butts, J. L. Smith, C. C. Wilson, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Uncovering adaptive versus acclimatized alterations in standard metabolic rate in Brown Bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus), Tood A. Leadley, Anne McLeod, Timothy B. Johnson, Daniel Heath, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Hexabromocyclododecane flame retardant isomers in sediments from Detroit River and Lake Erie of the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America, R J. Letcher, L Zhe, S Chu, G D. Haffner, Ken G. Drouillard, C H. Marvin, and J JH Ciborowski

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A comparison of the bioaccumulation potential of mercury and polychlorinated biphenyls in goldfish (Carassius auratus), Jiajia Li, Ken G. Drouillard, Brian Braunfireun, and Douglass G. Haffner

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Spatial distributions of polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, tetrabromobisphenol A and bisphenol A in Lake Erie sediment, Z Lu, R J. Letcher, S Chu, J JH Ciborowski, G D. Haffner, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Effects of early rearing environment and breeding strategy on social interactions and the hormonal response to stressors in juvenile Chinook salmon, Barry N. Madison, John W. Heath, Daniel D. Heath, and Nicholas J. Bernier

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Quantifying uncertainty in the trophic magnification factor related to spatial movements of organisms in a food web, A M. McLeod, J Arnot, K Borga, H Selck, D Kashian, A Krause, G Paterson, G D. Haffner, and Ken G. Drouillard

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PCB Food web dynamics quantify nutrient and energy flow in aquatic ecosystems, Anne M. McLeod, Gord Paterson, Ken G. Drouillard, and Douglas G. Haffner

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Effect of COD: SO42- Ratio, HRT and Linoleic Acid Concentration on Mesophilic Sulfate Reduction: Reactor Performance and Microbial Population Dynamics, Chungman Moon, Rajesh Singh, Sathyanarayan S. Veeravalli, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

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Niche plasticity in invasive fishes in the Great Lakes, Harri Pettitt-Wade, Kyle W. Wellband, Daniel D. Heath, and Aaron T. Fisk

Submissions from 2014

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Breeding strategy and rearing environment effects on the disease resistance of cultured Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), L. A. Becker, M. Kirkland, J. W. Heath, Daniel D. Heath, and B. Dixon

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Standardization of fertilization protocols for the European eel, Anguilla anguilla, Ian A.E. Butts, Sune R. Sorensen, Sebastian N. Politis, Trevor E. Pitcher, and Jonna Tomkiewicz

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Novel molecular approach demonstrates that turbid river plumes reduce predation mortality on larval fish, Lucia B. Carreon-Martinez, Kyle W. Wellband, Timothy B. Johnson, Stuart A. Ludsin, and Daniel D. Heath

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Amino acid sequence of the AHR1 ligand-binding domain predicts avian sensitivity to dioxin like compounds: in vivo validation in European starlings, M Eng, J E. Elliott, S Jones, T D. Williams, K G. Drouillard, and S Kennedy

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Inter-conversion of various indicator PCB, sum-PCB and dioxin-like PCB toxic equivalent levels in fish, N Gandhi, S Bhavsar, E Reiner, M Neff, T Chen, D Morse, G Arhonditsis, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Multigenerational outbreeding effects in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Sarah J. Lehnert, Oliver P. Love, Trevor E. Pitcher, Dennis M. Higgs, and Daniel D. Heath

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Multigenerational outbreeding effects in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Sarah Lehnert; Oliver P. Love; Trevor E. Pitcher; Dennis M. Higgs; and Daniel D. Heath,

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Risk-benefit of consuming Lake Erie fish, M R. Neff, F Ni, D O. Caprenter, Ken G. Drouillard, A T. Fisk, and M T. Arts

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Ecological tracers reveal resource convergence among prey fish species in a large lake ecosystem, G Paterson, S A. Rush, M T. Arts, K G. Drouillard, G D. Haffner, T B. Johnson, B F. Lantry, C E. Hebert, and D J. McGoldrick

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Effect of inhibitors on hydrogen consumption and microbial population dynamics in mixed anaerobic cultures, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

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Statistical optimization of conditions for minimum H-2 consumption in mixed anaerobic cultures: Effect on homoacetogenesis and methanogenesis, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

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A molecular genetic lab to generate inclusive and exclusive forensic evidence: Two suspects, a victim, and a bloodstained T-shirt, Julie Smit, Daniel D. Heath, and Ryan P. Walter

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Fermentative H-2 production using a switchgrass steam exploded liquor fed to mixed anaerobic cultures: Effect of hydraulic retention time, linoleic acid and nitrogen sparging, Sathyanarayanan S. Veeravalli, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

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Optimizing hydrogen production from a switchgrass steam exploded liquor using a mixed anaerobic culture in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, Sathyanarayanan S. Veeravalli, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

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Rapid genetic identification of brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus), black bullhead (Ameiurus melas) and their hybrids, R. P. Walter, E. S. Gnyra, L. I. Soederberg, and Daniel D. Heath

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First record of living Manta alfredi x Manta birostris hybrid, R. P. Walter, S. T. Kessel, N. Alhasan, A. T. Fisk, Daniel D. Heath, T. Chekchak, R. Klaus, and M. Younis

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Performance comparison of genetic markers for high-throughput sequencing-based biodiversity assessment in complex communities, Aibin Zhan, Sarah A. Bailey, Daniel D. Heath, and Hugh J. Macisaac

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Reproducibility of pyrosequencing data for biodiversity assessment in complex communities, Aibin Zhan, Song He, Emily A. Brown, Frederic J. J. Chain, Thomas W. Therriault, Cathryn L. Abbott, Daniel D. Heath, and Melania E. Cristescu

Submissions from 2013

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Physiological functions of osmolality and calcium ions on the initiation of sperm motility and swimming performance in redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, Ian A.E. Butts, Sayyed Mohammad Hadi Alavi, Ali Mokdad, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Development of a Sperm Cryopreservation Protocol for Redside Dace: Implications for Genome Resource Banking, Ian A. E. Butts, Ali Mokdad, Edward A. Trippel, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Influence of linoleic acid, pH and HRT on anaerobic microbial populations and metabolic shifts in ASBRs during dark hydrogen fermentation of lignocellulosic sugars, Subba Rao Chaganti, Brahmaiah Pendyala, Jerald A. Lalman, Sathyanarayanan S. Veeraoalli, and Daniel D. Heath

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The effect of food provisioning on persistent organic pollutant bioamplification in Chinook salmon larvae, Jennifer M. Daley, Todd A. Leadley, Trevor E. Pitcher, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Behavioural and genetic analyses of mate choice and reproductive success in two Chinook salmon populations, Melissa L. Evans, Bryan D. Neff, and Daniel D. Heath

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Associations Between Female Reproductive Traits and Polychlorinated Biphenyl Sediment Concentrations in Wild Populations of Brown Bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus), Michelle Farwell, Ken G. Drouillard, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Reproductive investment patterns, sperm characteristics, and seminal plasma physiology in alternative reproductive tactics of Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Erin W. Flannery, Ian A.E. Butts, Mariola Slowinska, Andrzej Ciereszko, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Ovarian fluid influences sperm performance in lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush, Patrick M. Galvano; Katelynn Johnson; Chris C. Wilson; Trevor E. Pitcher; and Ian A.E. Butts,

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Sperm Quality of Hatchery-Reared Lake Trout Throughout the Spawning Season, Katelynn Johnson, Ian A.E. Butts, Chris C. Wilson, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Ecological and genetic risks arising from reproductive interactions between wild and farmed Chinook salmon, Sarah J. Lehnert, John W. Heath, and Daniel D. Heath

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Effect of parental mate choice and semi-natural early rearing environment on the growth performance and seawater tolerance of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, B. N. Madison, J. W. Heath, Daniel D. Heath, and N. J. Bernier

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Using a food and paper-cardboard waste blend as a novel feedstock for hydrogen production: Influence of key process parameters on microbial diversity, Brahmaiah Pendyala, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, Daniel D. Heath, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, and Sathyanarayanan S. Veeravalli

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Evolution of mating systems and sexual size dimorphism in North American cyprinids, M. Pyron, Trevor E. Pitcher, and S. J. Jacquemin

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Effect of furans and linoleic acid on hydrogen production, Sathyanarayanan Sevilimedu Veeravalli, Subba Rao Chagantib, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

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Environmental associations with gene transcription in Babine Lake rainbow trout: evidence for local adaptation., K. W. Wellband and Daniel D. Heath

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The relative contribution of drift and selection to transcriptional divergence among Babine Lake tributary populations of juvenile rainbow trout, K. W. Wellband and Daniel D. Heath

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High sensitivity of 454 pyrosequencing for detection of rare species in aquatic communities, Aibin Zhan, Martin Hulak, Francisco Sylvester, Xiaoting Huang, Abisola A. Adebayo, Cathryn L. Abbott, Sarah J. Adamowicz, and Daniel D. Heath

Submissions from 2012

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Sex-biased genetic component distribution among populations: additive genetic and maternal contributions to phenotypic differences among populations of Chinook salmon, T. Aykanat, C. A. Bryden, and Daniel D. Heath

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Additive, non-additive and maternal effects of cytokine transcription in response to immunostimulation with Vibrio vaccine in Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Tutku Aykanat, John W. Heath, Brian Dixon, and Daniel D. Heath

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Spawning coloration, female choice and sperm competition in the redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, Jean-Marc J. Beausoleil, Stephanie M. Doucet, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

Spawning coloration, female choice and sperm competition in the redside dace, Clinostomus elongatus, Jean-Marc J. Beausoleil, Stephanie M. Doucet, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Range expansion by invasion: genetic characterization of invasion of the greenside darter (Etheostoma blennioides) at the northern edge of its distribution, Courtney L. Beneteau, Ryan P. Walter, Nicholas E. Mandrak, and Daniel D. Heath

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Ovarian fluid enhances sperm velocity based on relatedness in lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush, Ian A. E. Butts, Katelynn Johnson, Chris C. Wilson, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Primary and secondary sexual characters in alternative reproductive tactics of Chinook salmon: Associations with androgens and the maturation-inducing steroid, Ian A. E. Butts, Oliver P. Love, Michelle Farwell, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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16S rRNA gene based analysis of the microbial diversity and hydrogen production in three mixed anaerobic cultures, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, and Daniel D. Heath

Bioamplification and the Selective Depletion of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Chinook Salmon Larvae, Jennifer M. Daley, Todd A. Leadley, Trevor E. Pitcher, and Ken G. Drouillard

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Contemporary gene flow between "paired" silver (Ichthyomyzon unicuspis) and northern brook (I. fossor) lampreys: implications for conservation, Margaret F. Docker, Nicholas E. Mandrak, and Daniel D. Heath

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LOW LEVELS OF EXTRA-PAIR PATERNITY IN A NEOTROPICAL DUETTING SONGBIRD, THE RUFOUS-AND-WHITE WREN (THRYOTHORUS RUFALBUS), Sarah B. Douglas, Daniel D. Heath, and Daniel J. Mennill

Multiple paternity, reproductive skew and correlates of male reproductive success in a wild population of the Trinidadian guppy, Karen E. Elgee, Indar W. Ramnarine, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Acclimation of life-history traits to experimental changes in environmental contaminant concentrations in brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus), Michelle Farwell, Ken G. Drouillard, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

Acclimation of life-history traits to experimental changes in environmental contaminant concentrations in brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus), Michelle Farwell, Ken G. Drouillard, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Local retention, dispersal and fluctuating connectivity among populations of a coral reef fish, J. Derek Hogan, Roger J. Thiessen, Peter F. Sale, and Daniel D. Heath

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Sperm trait differences between wild and farmed Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Sarah J. Lehnert, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Sperm trait differences between wild and farmed Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), Sarah J. Lehnert, Daniel D. Heath, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Pretreating mixed anaerobic communities from different sources: Correlating the hydrogen yield with hydrogenase activity and microbial diversity, Brahmaiah Pendyala, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, Saraoanan R. Shanmugam, Daniel D. Heath, and Peter C. K. Lau

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Metabolic traits of westslope cutthroat trout, introduced rainbow trout and their hybrids in an ecotonal hybrid zone along an elevation gradient, Joseph B. Rasmussen, Michael D. Robinson, Alice Hontela, and Daniel D. Heath

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Assessing the impact of palmitic, myristic and lauric acids on hydrogen production from glucose fermentation by mixed anaerobic granular cultures, Noori M. Cata Saady, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, Sathyanarayanan S. Veeravalli, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, and Daniel D. Heath

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Effects of linoleic acid and its degradation by-products on mesophilic hydrogen production using flocculated and granular mixed anaerobic cultures, Noori M. Cata Saady, Subba Rao Chaganti, Jerald A. Lalman, Sathyanarayanan S. Veeravalli, Saravanan R. Shanmugam, and Daniel D. Heath

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Effect of triploidy on growth and ionoregulatory performance in ocean-type Chinook salmon: A quantitative genetics approach, J. M. Shrimpton, J. W. Heath, R. H. Devlin, and Daniel D. Heath

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Historical and Anthropogenic Factors Affecting the Population Genetic Structure of Ontario's Inland Lake Populations of Walleye (Sander vitreus), Ryan P. Walter, Christopher J. Cena, George E. Morgan, and Daniel D. Heath

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Influence of density and major histocompatibility genotype on sexual selection in a salmonid alternative mating strategy, Laura K. Weir, Jeffrey A. Hutchings, and Daniel D. Heath

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Fine-Scale Population Genetic Structure and Dispersal of Juvenile Steelhead in the Bulkley-Morice River, British Columbia, Kyle W. Wellband, Dana Y. Atagi, Rachel A. Koehler, and Daniel D. Heath

Submissions from 2011

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Rapid evolution of osmoregulatory function by modification of gene transcription in steelhead trout, Tutku Aykanat, Frank P. Thrower, and Daniel D. Heath

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Dispersal strategies, secondary range expansion and invasion genetics of the nonindigenous round goby, Neogobius melanostomus, in Great Lakes tributaries, Jennifer E. Bronnenhuber, Brad A. Dufour, Dennis M. Higgs, and Daniel D. Heath

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Automated sperm head morphology analyzer for open-source software, I. A. E. Butts, M. A.R. Ward, M. K. Litvak, Trevor E. Pitcher, and S. M. H. Alavi

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Utilization of stomach content DNA to determine diet diversity in piscivorous fishes, L. Carreon-Martinez, T. B. Johnson, S. A. Ludsin, and Daniel D. Heath

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Intraspecific evidence from guppies for correlated patterns of male and female genital trait diversification, Jonathan P. Evans, Clelia Gasparini, Gregory I. Holwell, Indar W. Ramnarine, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Cultured growth hormone transgenic salmon are reproductively out-competed by wild-reared salmon in semi-natural mating arenas, John L. Fitzpatrick, Hamid Akbarashandiz, Dionne Sakhrani, Carlo A. Biagi, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Song and Sperm in Crickets: A Trade-off between Pre- and Post-copulatory Traits or Phenotype-Linked Fertility?, Samantha P. Klaus, Lauren P. Fitzsimmons, Trevor E. Pitcher, and Susan M. Bertram

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Juvenile habitat partitioning and relative productivity in allochronically isolated sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), E. K. Fillatre Miller, I. R. Bradbury, and Daniel D. Heath

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Conservation and enhancement of wild fish populations: preserving genetic quality versus genetic diversity, Bryan D. Neff, Shawn R. Garner, and Trevor E. Pitcher

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Genetic structure and connectivity among lake populations of threatened Paratherina sailfin silversides from Sulawesi, Indonesia, Ryan P. Walter, J. Derek Hogan, G. Douglas Haffner, and Daniel D. Heath